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Our World => Africa => Regions => Central African Republic => Topic started by: mayya on November 20, 2013, 22:25:06 PM

Title: Open letter to the UN Security Council on the Central African Republic
Post by: mayya on November 20, 2013, 22:25:06 PM
Open letter to the UN Security Council on the Central African Republic
Brussels  |   15 Nov 2013

The Security Council must take decisive action this month to prevent further deterioration in the Central African Republic (CAR). Since the coup by Seleka rebels on 24 March, the state has collapsed. Lawlessness and disorder prevail throughout the country, including in the capital city, Bangui. 

The CAR faces four main challenges:

The Security Council adopted Resolution 2121 only nine months after the Libreville agreement, which partly explains why political and military means to support its implementation were lacking. Resolution 2121 seeks to reinforce and widen the mandate of the UN Integrated Peacebuilding Office in the Central African Republic (BINUCA) and calls for the establishment of an African Union-led international support mission for the CAR (MISCA) – both welcome steps. Now, however, the Council must act faster, initially to help those on the ground restore law and order and then to reverse the country’s chronic fragility. Under a Chapter VII mandate, it could greatly contribute through the following steps:

To stabilise the situation on the ground

[li]Mandate French forces to contribute to the restoration of law and order.[/li]
[li]Encourage French forces and other countries to provide much-needed intelligence support to MISCA.[/li]
[li]Encourage African countries to provide additional, capable and well-equipped troops to MISCA.[/li]
[li]Ensure the swift design and implementation of a disarmament, demobilisation and reintegration (DDR) program in coordination with the transitional authorities and potential donors.[/li]
[li]Deploy UN peacekeepers to secure UN offices and their personnel, the DDR camps and Bangui airport. [/li]

To facilitate BINUCA’s support to the transitional authorities
[li]Authorise an electoral assessment mission to propose an action plan, budget and realistic timeframe for the conduct of credible elections.[/li]
[li]Authorise BINUCA to assist, together with donors, transitional authorities improve their capacity to manage natural resources.[/li]

The CAR has suffered repeated cycles of instability and violence since the 1990s. Urgent and concerted international action is required now to halt its slide into chaos and prevent conflict. As a first step, the Security Council should ensure effective support to the AU-led mission. Failure to take swift action risks further destabilisation that imperils not only the CAR and its people but also the entire region.

Louise Arbour
President & CEO (