Author Topic: “Pride” in the revolution as 40th anniversary approaches  (Read 5822 times)

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Offline mayya

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“Pride” in the revolution as 40th anniversary approaches
« on: April 24, 2014, 13:41:58 PM »
“Pride” in the revolution as 40th anniversary approaches

BY TPN/ LUSA, IN NEWS · 16-04-2014 14:25:00 · 0 COMMENTS

Forty years on from Portugal’s 25th April carnation revolution, pride is the word most commonly chosen when asked to describe feelings about the event according to a study by the Institute of Social Sciences, the Expresso newspaper and the Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation released earlier this week.

The word “pride” was by far and away the most popular response and came from a total of 31 percent of respondents asked to describe their feelings.

A total of 12 percent came back with either “patriotism” or “indifference” while eight percent opted for words such as “nostalgia” or “sadness”.

Furthermore, “incompre-hension”, “liberty”, “discomfort”, “other positive feelings”, “fear” and “rage” all gained between one percent and four percent of the responses.

When asked whether the way in which the transition to democracy took place represents a source of pride to the Portuguese, 79 percent responded affirmatively whilst 12 percent said no.

Demonstrating how much has changed over the course of a decade, former President Ramalho Eanes gained the most favourable recognition from respondents with a 66 percent approval rating whilst a similar study carried out in 2004 reported that assassinated Prime Minister Sá Carneiro received the most positive opinions, backed by 64 percent of survey participants.

Over this decade, former president and Prime Minister Mário Soares has slipped in approval from second place, on 58 percent, to fourth place, on 38 percent.

Considered the most important event in Portuguese history by 59 percent, the carnation revolution is perceived as more positive than negative by 58 percent of respondents.
The objectives of democracy and development were “somewhat attained” according to 38 percent of participants whilst 34 percent maintain they were “significantly attained.”
Corruption (77 percent), criminality and insecurity (81 percent) and unemployment (79 percent) were the three factors deemed to have worsened since the revolution whilst housing (75 percent), healthcare (70 percent) and education (69 percent) were the factors perceived as having improved most since 1974.

In a related story, former coup leaders have revealed they are planning an alternative ceremony to mark the 40th anniversary of the revolution.

The president of the association founded by the leaders of the 1974 military coup that ended Portugal’s dictatorship, Vasco Lourenço, said that the group is considering organising a ceremony to mark the 40th anniversary of the event as an alternative to the one planned at the country’s parliament building.

The association has announced it will not take part in the official ceremony on 25 April because its members are not to be allowed to speak - the condition they had put forward for their participating in it.

“Our decision, which we shall try to realise, is on the 25th, at the same time as the other, make somewhere the speech that would be made at parliament,” Lourenço told Lusa News Agency.

He said the speech would be in addition to the one usually made at the end of the traditional march in central Lisbon.

“Of course the speech that we should like to make at parliament would not be the same as we shall make in Rossio,” Lourenço said, referring to Lisbon’s central square.
The speaker of parliament, Assunção Esteves, has said that if the former coup leaders do not want to attend the 25 April session, “that’s their problem”. They have not been present for the past two years.

Several former members of the military involved in the coup have in recent months expressed their disenchantment with the austerity policies being implemented as a result of Portugal’s euro-zone bailout, saying that it goes against the legacy of the Revolution, as the 1974 events are known.

After a turbulent period of revolutionary politics, the 1974 coup ushered in stable democracy in Portugal.