Author Topic: ‘Four PRISMs’, not one | Trapwire ‘phase II’ revealed by US Army  (Read 4541 times)

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Offline mayya

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‘Four PRISMs’, not one | Trapwire ‘phase II’ revealed by US Army
Posted on July 29, 2013 by admin   

While Mr Snowden remains for the moment at Moscow airport, we report on two interesting developments. One is new and emanates from Germany, with evidence from the NSA itself (‘leaked’ by ZDF, a German TV station) that there are allegedly three – not one – NSA programs called PRISM, all unconnected and unrelated to a fourth that is marketed by a private company. We outline each below. The other interesting development is news of a ‘Phase II’ version of the surveillance system, Trapwire – and just look who’s purchased it!…

A. The four PRISMS

One PRISM is the program we all know that was unveiled by Edward Snowden. The second is an NSA developed “computer supported US communications system”, which is used in Afghanistan “to coordinate US reconnaissance systems and to present collected information”. A third PRISM is the “Portal for Real Time Information Sharing and Management” and is the NSA program they claim is used internally for real-time exchange of information.

Why they are all called PRISM suggests either the NSA has a limited imagination or – we suspect this is more likely – that this is NSA disinformation and that the three are subsets of one single PRISM, utilised fir different purposes and separated for deniability reasons (in the same way Trapwire, Anonymiser and Tartan were all conveniently separated).

As for the fourth Prism – read on…

PRISM no. 1. This is the PRISM revealed by Snowden. Basically it is a codeword for the massive NSA project for collecting information about foreign targets from the data of nine major US internet companies. This program started in 2007. There is much written about this particular PRISM – and we can add no more on this here.

PRISM no. 2. This PRISM is the “Planning tool for Resource Integration, Synchronization and Management”. It is a web-based tool and despite its name is supposedly used by US military intelligence to send tasking instructions to data collection platforms, deployed to military operations. It was developed by SAIC , first mentioned in 2002 and since then has featured in many job descriptions on the internet. According to Top Level Communication s… “The earliest document which mentions the Planning tool for Resource Integration, Synchronization and Management (PRISM) is a paper (pdf) from July 2002, which was prepared by the MITRE Corporation Center for Integrated Intelligence Systems. The document describes the use of web browsers for military operations, the so-called “web-centric warfare”, for which intelligence collection management programs were seen as the catalyst. These programs fuse battlefield intelligence information with the national data that they already possess, in order to provide a complete picture to their users. PRISM was developed by SAIC (formerly Science Applications International Corporation, a company that was also involved in the 2002 TRAILBLAZER program for analyzing network data). The program was originally prototyped and fielded for the US European Command, but is also being used in other military operation areas such as Iraq…The application was first developed for use on JWICS, the highly secure intelligence community network, but is now also being used on SIPRNet, the secure internet used by the US military.”

PRISM no. 3. This PRISM, according to NSA, is the “Portal for Real-time Information Sharing and Management”. This is claimed to be an internal NSA program and its existence was revealed by the NSA in July 2013 to the German Government. There is, however, no direct link or reference to this product on the web, but it is supposedly run by the secretive Information Assurance Directorate (IAD).

PRISM no. 4. The fourth is no surprise (we reported on this two months back) and is a product also called Prism, by Palantir. According to its description on the Palantir site, it is “a software component that lets you quickly integrate external databases into Palantir,” For Blue Cabinet’s update on Palantir , click here . There is also a summary document on this too. To see everything – coding and examples in action as part of a 54 page pdf that includes discussion at the beginning about Palantir’s Prism product, click here .
Image from Palantir Intelligence Solutions

B. Trapwire V.2

A ‘Phase 2′ of Trapwire has been inadvertently revealed via a US Army acquisition notice going back to 2011. The notice includes the following information:

“Trapwire Phase II of a Threat Interdiction System for the Joint Force Headquarters, Military District Washington. The award will be a Firm Fixed Price contract to Trapwire Inc., 1875 Camput Commons Drive, Suite 301, Reston, VA 20191.”

The Reston address quoted is the registered address of the owners of Trapwire (so it’s not an entirely different Trapwire). What is interesting here, apart from the existence if a version 2, is that the US army has either acquired TrapWire or was close to purchasing it. According to Trapwire there are four versions of the main product (none of which are referred to as Trapwire II.

The four versions currently referred to by Trapwire are:

A. TrapWire CI (Critical Infrastructure)
TrapWire CI focuses on the identification of pre-operational surveillance activities occurring around fixed assets, including Critical Infrastructure and Key Resources (CIKR), Force Protection, Mass Transit, and other crucial resources. Each TrapWire CI deployment is preceded by a comprehensive site assessment conducted by experts in the areas of vulnerability assessment and surveillance techniques. The data gathered during the assessment is integrated into the TrapWire System to provide the most accurate threat weighting possible. The relationship between site-specific assessment data and the coordinates, timing, and other elements associated with reported events are instantly and automatically examined.

B. TrapWire CM (Community Member)
TrapWire CM is a turnkey module designed to augment existing deployments and enables online reporting by community members of suspicious behavior. Communities can be defined in relatively small scope, such as those around an organizational complex or campus, as well as broad in scope, such as the “See Something Say Something” program across the US.

C. TrapWire XP (Executive Protection)
TrapWire XP provides Executive Protection and mobile Surveillance Detection teams a reporting and analsyis mechanism. Teams deployed to the field can quickly file reports and receive instant feedback via TrapWire mobile apps. Security Operations Centers receive alerts and can review threat information in conjuction with mobile teams.

D. TrapWire LE (Law Enforcement)
TrapWire LE provides investigators and first-responders the ability to gather, analyze and disseminate information about surveillance and logistical activities occurring across an entire geographic region, including information gathered via TrapWire CI, CM, and XP deployments.