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Our World => South America => Regions => Ecuador => Topic started by: mayya on April 12, 2015, 18:11:05 PM

Title: Defending Internet Free Speech and Anonymity in Ecuador
Post by: mayya on April 12, 2015, 18:11:05 PM
Defending Internet Free Speech and Anonymity in Ecuador

Translation posted 10 April 2015 17:53 GMT
 



(http://es.globalvoicesonline.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/02/manifiesto-int.jpg)Signatories to the Manifesto for the Freedom of Expression, Anonymity, and Online Privacy in Ecuador.

In the face of government condemnation of anonymity and satire on the Internet, several national and international organizations have signed the Manifesto for the Freedom of Expression, Anonymity, and Online Privacy in Ecuador.

Domestic signatories include Usuarios Digitales and Fundamedios, while some of the international and foreign groups to join the manifesto are Access, Electronic Frontier Foundation, Derechos Digitales (Chile), Oficina Antivigilancia (Brazil), Fundación Karisma(Colombia), TEDIC (Paraguay), Acceso Libre (Venezuela), ContingenteMx (Mexico), andEnjambre Digital (Mexico).
The joint statement stresses that anonymity on the Internet is not a crime:

 
Check here to read the Manifesto for the Freedom of Expression, Anonymity, and Online Privacy in Ecuador.


https://globalvoicesonline.org/2015/04/10/defending-internet-free-speech-and-anonymity-in-ecuador/
Title: Statement for online Freedom of Expression, Anonymity, and Privacy in Ecuador
Post by: mayya on April 12, 2015, 18:13:21 PM
Statement for online Freedom of Expression, Anonymity, and Privacy in Ecuador

Though this letter is hosted on the Access website, it is a joint effort with individuals and organizations fighting for digital rights in Latin America.

Statement for online Freedom of Expression, Anonymity, and Privacy in Ecuador
versión en español, más abajo

“The web is more a social creation than a technical one. I designed it for a social effect — to help people work together — and not as a technical toy. The ultimate goal of the Web is to support and improve our weblike existence in the world.” —Tim Berners-Lee
In recent weeks we have noted with concern how the president of Ecuador, Rafael Correa, and several government officials have issued statements against online anonymity and deemed satire on social networks to be conspiratorial and criminal in character. The president also called on his supporters to combat his personal critics on social networks and suggested taking “other actions” that might have the potential to undermine freedom of expression on the internet.

Human rights include the right to exercise freedom of expression and privacy, as recognized by the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the American Convention on Human Rights, the Ecuadorian Constitution, the Organic Integral Criminal Code of Ecuador and its telecommunications law.

The United Nations declared that “human rights should also be protected on the internet” and Ecuador agreed with that statement by supporting human rights in the digital era.

The respect to privacy of all internet users was one of the core resolutions adopted by the 2014 Mercosur President’s Summit, in which Ecuador was also a signatory.

Diversity of viewpoints is a fundamental milestone for the democratic development of Ecuador. This includes satire, which although involves biting criticism with lampooning, satire does not constitute libel or defamation.

Anonymity is a legal right and is essential for those fearful of retaliation by government. Anonymity also allows criticism both online and offline.

The Constitution of the Republic of Ecuador gives any person “the right to express their opinion and thoughts freely, in all of its ways and manifestations” (art. 66, num.6) and the right to “practice, hold, change or profess, publicly or in private, their religion or beliefs” (art. 66 num.8) which includes the right to anonymous opinion.

Usuarios Digitales (Ecuador)
Access (International)
Derechos Digitales (Chile)
Fundamedios (Ecuador)
Oficina Antivigilancia (Brasil)
Fundación Karisma (Colombia)
TEDIC (Paraguay)
Acceso Libre (Venezuela)
Electronic Frontier Foundation (International)
ContingenteMx (Mexico)
Enjambre Digital (Mexico)


Manifiesto por la libertad de expresión, el anonimato y la privacidad en línea en Ecuador

“La Web es una creación social más que una tecnológica. Yo la diseñé para que tenga una efecto social -ayudar a las personas a trabajar juntos- y no como un juguete técnico. El objetivo final de Internet es el de apoyar y mejorar nuestra existencia en red en el mundo.” Tim Berners-Lee

En las últimas semanas hemos visto con preocupación como el Presidente del Ecuador, Rafael Correa, y diversos funcionarios de ese gobierno han hecho varios pronunciamientos que van en contra del anonimato en Internet, expresiones en donde se ha pretendido dar a la sátira en redes sociales un carácter conspirativo e incluso criminal. También observamos como el presidente ha llamado a sus seguidores a librar “una batalla” en las redes sociales contra sus crìticos y que se ha dado paso a preocupantes anuncios de que se estaría considerando la adopción de legislación restrictiva o regresiva para la protección del libre ejercicio de los derechos en plataformas digitales.

Por estas razones y considerando que,

Adhieren
Usuarios Digitales (Ecuador)
Access (International)
Derechos Digitales (Chile)
Fundamedios (Ecuador)
Oficina Antivigilancia (Brasil)
Fundación Karisma (Colombia)
TEDIC (Paraguay)
Acceso Libre (Venezuela)
Electronic Frontier Foundation (International)
ContingenteMx (Mexico)
Enjambre Digital (Mexico)
 

https://www.accessnow.org/pages/ecuador-free-expression-letter
Title: Re: Defending Internet Free Speech and Anonymity in Ecuador
Post by: jujyjuji on April 13, 2015, 10:13:02 AM
Is it going to change this situation or it's just a political promise that won't be mantained?

---
Ecuador's New Penal Code Would Violate Internet Privacy

Translation posted 21 October 2013 8:24 GMT
***

The Ecuadorian National Assembly recently approved the Código Orgánico Integral Penal (https://docs.google.com/file/d/0B5cMEHQ2197-Z3FiRlR4Q2s4dWc/edit?usp=sharing) (Organic Penal Code, or COIP), which has raised concerns (https://www.facebook.com/notes/usuarios-de-internet-del-ecuador/código-penal-aprobado-amenaza-la-privacidad-de-los-usuarios-de-internet-ecuador-/10151747869308152) within civil society organizations. Certain articles of the COIP threaten “the inviolability, storage, and subsequent analysis of information that citizens generate on the Internet, and on any other telecommunications platforms like landline or cellular telephones.”

The new code combines various previous issues of concern, such as the proposal that slander on social media networks could be penalized in Ecuador (http://advocacy.globalvoicesonline.org/2013/10/03/will-ecuador-criminalize-slander-on-social-networks/) [en], which—although it ultimately was not included in the COIP draft—paints a generally bleak picture of the intentions and the future of the Internet in this South American country.

Organizations Usuarios Digitales (Digital Users), Apertura Radical (Radical Openness), and Asociación de Software Libre del Ecuador (Free Software Association of Ecuador) have explained that the way the law is proposed, all telecommunications services, “like ISP, Internet cafes, WiFi zones, businesses that rent phones or allow Internet access, study centers that offer Internet access, and even people who loan their telephone or Internet connection” will have to store the data and connection traffic of the users, despite the risks that this entails.

 Alfredo Velazco @alfredovelazco:

@MauroAndinoR hablemos del Art. 474 #COIP (cybers deben grabar en video a usuarios y su navegación en internet) http://ow.ly/pOSHH #fb

 Rosa María Torres @rosamariatorres:

Increíble!!! RT @alfredovelazco @MauroAndinoR Art 474 #COIP cybers deben grabar en video a usuarios y su navegación http://ow.ly/pOSHH
6:15 AM - 15 Oct 2013



" Unbelievable!!! RT @alfredovelazco @MauroAndinoR Article 474 #COIP: cybercafes must videorecord users and their navigation http://t.co/X3L3XrcVL3


 — Rosa María Torres (@rosamariatorres) October 15, 2013 "

The issue is generating interest in the traditional media, due to its potential impact on the ways in which Ecuadorians use the Internet. And the public has also started to worry:

Valeria Betancourt @valeriabet:

@gabrielaespais Presunción de sospecha como premisa, violación a privacidad de comunicaciones en línea #Ecuador #COIP http://tinyurl.com/n43bgal
9:28 PM - 10 Oct 2013


" @gabrielaespais Presumption of suspicion as a premise, violation of the privacy of online communications #Ecuador #COIP http://t.co/t9pmeLNSWc


 — Valeria Betancourt (@valeriabet) October 10, 2013"

María Eugenia Garcés @meugegarces:

Los ecuatorianos somos delincuentes hasta que se pruebe lo contrario #COIP. ¿Avanzamos Patria?
3:13 PM - 18 Oct 2013


" We Ecuadorians are criminals until proven otherwise #COIP. Are we making progress, Homeland?


 — María Eugenia Garcés (@meugegarces) October 18, 2013"

RadiosLibres.net @RadiosLibres:

"No podría volver a este país(Ecuador) porque no podría conectarme a Internet" #Stallman por artículo de Código Penal:http://www.elcomercio.com/sociedad/RichardStall-man-softwarelibre-educacion-computador_0_1013298662.html …
4:04 PM - 18 Oct 2013



" "I could not return to this country (Ecuador) because I would not be able to access the Internet” #Stallman [software freedom activist] on the Penal Code article: http://t.co/bX3e6Tpy2y


 — Radios Libres (@RadiosLibres) October 18, 2013

The aforementioned organizations are taking on the task of raising awareness about the issue, in order to try to put some pressure on the government so that it vetoes the Organic Penal Code's Article 474, which violates citizens’ right to privacy in their Internet communications.

The “Open Letter to President Rafael Correa and Assembly Members on Internet Privacy and the Draft of the Integral Organic Penal Code,” published on citizen media and various blogs, states, among other things, the following:

Quote
Translation:

We urge the National Assembly and the Government of Ecuador to make the proposed law compatible with international human rights standards, in order to safeguard privacy, freedom of expression, and freedom of association with the greatest rigor, in the context of strengthening the democratic system in accordance with the International Principles on the Application of Human Rights to Communications Surveillance [1] [en].

Therefore, we request that the articles of the Draft of the Integral Organic Penal Code which violate citizens’ rights and leave us defenseless against indiscriminate storage and subsequent analysis of our data are not approved.

Original quote:

Instamos a la Asamblea Nacional y al Gobierno de Ecuador a compatibilizar la Ley propuesta con los estándares internacionales de derechos humanos a fin de precautelar con el mayor rigor la privacidad, la libertad de expresión y la libertad de asociación, en la perspectiva de fortalecer el sistema democrático acorde a los Principios Internacionales sobre la Aplicación de los Derechos Humanos a la Vigilancia de las Comunicaciones [1].

Solicitamos, por tanto, que no se aprueben artículos del Proyecto del Código Orgánico Integral Penal que vulneran los derechos ciudadanos y nos ponen en indefensión frente al almacenamiento indiscriminado y posterior análisis de nuestra información.

Given that President Correa threatened (http://www.telegrafo.com.ec/politica/item/correa-habla-de-traicion-en-la-asamblea-y-ratifica-que-no-despenalizara-el-aborto-video.html) to resign when a group of ruling-party Assembly members promoted the decriminalization of abortion in cases of rape, in a proposal of the Integral Organic Penal Code debated in the Assembly, it seems unlikely that he will recant and veto Article 474 of COIP.

Source/More: https://advocacy.globalvoicesonline.org/2013/10/21/ecuadors-new-penal-code-would-violate-internet-privacy/