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enrica

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WikiLeaks Special Project K: The Kissinger Cables
« on: April 08, 2013, 11:10:19 AM »
WikiLeaks Special Project K: The Kissinger Cables

- Public Library of US Diplomacy -

Sun Apr 7, 2013 21:00 EST

WIKILEAKS SPECIAL PROJECT K: THE KISSINGER CABLES


'Investigative journalism has never been this effective!' – Publico

The Kissinger Cables are part of today's launch of the WikiLeaks Public Library of US Diplomacy (PlusD), which holds the world's largest searchable collection of United States confidential, or formerly confidential, diplomatic communications. As of its launch on April 8, 2013 it holds 2 million records comprising approximately 1 billion words.

WikiLeaks' publisher Julian Assange stated: "The collection covers US involvements in, and diplomatic or intelligence reporting on, every country on Earth. It is the single most significant body of geopolitical material ever published."

THE KISSINGER CABLES

"The illegal we do immediately; the unconstitutional takes a little longer." -- Henry A. Kissinger, US Secretary of State, March 10, 1975: http://wikileaks.org/plusd/cables/P860114-1573_MC_b.html#efmCS3CUB

The Kissinger Cables comprise more than 1.7 million US diplomatic records for the period 1973 to 1976, including 205,901 records relating to former US Secretary of State Henry A. Kissinger. Dating from January 1, 1973 to December 31, 1976 they cover a variety of diplomatic traffic including cables, intelligence reports and congressional correspondence. They include more than 1.3 million full diplomatic cables and 320,000 originally classified records. These include more than 227,000 cables classified as "CONFIDENTIAL" and 61,000 cables classified as "SECRET". Perhaps more importantly, there are more than 12,000 documents with the sensitive handling restriction "NODIS" or 'no distribution', and more than 9,000 labelled "Eyes Only".

At around 700 million words, the Kissinger Cables collection is approximately five times the size of WikiLeaks' Cablegate. The raw PDF data is more than 380 Gigabytes in size and is the largest WikiLeaks publication to date.

WikiLeaks' media partners will be reporting throughout the week on their findings. These include significant revelations about US involvements with fascist dictatorships, particularly in Latin America, under Franco's Spain (including about the Spanish royal family) and in Greece under the regime of the Colonels.

The documents also contain hourly diplomatic reporting on the 1973 war between Israel, Egypt and Syria (the "Yom Kippur war"). While several of these documents have been used by US academic researchers in the past, the Kissinger Cables provides unparalled access to journalists and the general public.

Most of the records were reviewed by the United States Department of State's systematic 25-year declassification process. At review, the records were assessed and either declassified or kept classified with some or all of the metadata records declassified. Both sets of records were then subject to an additional review by the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA). Once believed to be releasable, they were placed as individual PDFs at the National Archives as part of their Central Foreign Policy Files collection. Despite the review process supposedly assessing documents after 25 years there are no diplomatic records later than 1976. The formal declassification and review process of these extremely valuable historical documents is therefore currently running 12 years late.

The form in which these documents were held at NARA was as 1.7 million individual PDFs. To prepare these documents for integration into the PlusD collection, WikiLeaks obtained and reverse-engineered all 1.7 million PDFs and performed a detailed analysis of individual fields, developed sophisticated technical systems to deal with the complex and voluminous data and corrected a great many errors introduced by NARA, the State Department or its diplomats, for example harmonizing the many different ways in which departments, capitals and people's names were spelt. All our corrective work is referenced and available from the links in the individual field descriptions on the PlusD text search interface: https://search.wikileaks.org/plusd

RECLASSIFICATION ATTEMPTS THWARTED


The CIA and other agencies have attempted to reclassify or withhold sections of the US National Archives. Detailed minutes of US State Department meetings show that these attempts, which originated under the Bush II administration, have continued on through until at least 2009. A 2006 analysis by the US National Security Archives, an independent non-governmental research institute and library located at George Washington University, found that 55,000 pages had been secretly reclassified.

The censorship of the US National Archives was thrown into stark relief in November last year when the Archive censored all searches for 'WikiLeaks' from its records. See http://dissenter.firedoglake.com/2012/11/03/us-national-archives-has-blocked-searches-for-wikileaks/

Julian Assange, WikiLeaks' publisher, said: "The US administration cannot be trusted to maintain the history of its interactions with the world. Fortunately, an organisation with an unbroken record in resisting censorship attempts now has a copy."

MEDIA ORGANIZATIONS REPORTING THIS WEEK


    Australia - Fairfax (Sydney Morning Herald, The Age, the Canberra Times and the Australian Fianancial Review)
    Argentina - Pagina 12
    Brazil - Publica
    Bulgaria - Bivol
    Egypt - Al Masry Al Youm
    Greece - Ta Nea
    Guatemala - Plaza Publica
    Haiti - Haiti Liberte
    India - The Hindu
    Italy - L'Espresso
    Italy - La Repubblica
    Lebanon - Al Akhbar
    Mexico - La Jornada
    Spain - Publico
    Sweden - Aftonbladet
    UK - Press Association
    US - Associated Press
    US - The Nation

PRESS CONFERENCE

WikiLeaks Special Project K: concerning the United States, Latin America, the Middle East, Africa, Central and South East Asia, Europe and the Pacific, with special focus on Israel, Russia, India, Japan, South Africa, France and Francophone Africa.
WHERE

The National Press Club
The Holeman Lounge
529 14th St. NW
13th Floor
Washington, DC
20045

+1 202-662-7500

WHEN

Monday April 8th at 9am (Washington time)

INTERVIEWS

WikiLeaks Spokesperson Kristinn Hrafnsson is available for interviews after the press conference please make arrangements with Melanie Lerardi [email protected] or +1 (202) 662 7502 alternatively you can call Kristinn directly on +3548217121 or email [email protected]

STATUS UPDATES

WIKILEAKS AND JULIAN ASSANGE

After WikiLeaks’ publication of Pentagon and State Department documents in 2010, the White House launched a multi-agency investigation into WikiLeaks and its publisher Julian Assange. The investigation includes the Department of Justice (DOJ), the FBI, the State Department, the CIA and the Defense Intelligence Agency (DIA) among others. The DoJ / FBI investigation is ongoing, as is its associated Grand Jury in Alexandria, Virginia, which is headed up by District Attorney Neil McBride, a current candidate for the FBI directorship.

A number of senior political figures in the United States have called for the assassination, extraordinary rendition or kidnapping of Julian Assange and other WikiLeaks staff and for the execution of WikiLeaks US sources: www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZuQW0US2sJw

The Grand Jury has coercively forced numerous people to give testimony in secret and to do so without the presence of a judge or defence lawyer. The actions of the Grand Jury, including issuing PATRIOT Act 'subpeonas' against Twitter, Google and other companies, is the subject of ongoing legal proceedings.

On 1 February this year, the Associated Press reported that the FBI was conducting an illegal investigation into WikiLeaks’ activities in Iceland. This investigation was discovered by the Icelandic Minister of the Interior, Ögmundur Jónasson, who ordered the FBI to leave and issued a formal diplomatic protest to the United States.

Julian Assange, an Australian, was granted political asylum on 19 August 2012 by the government of Ecuador. He remains under their protection in the Embassy of Ecuador in London. British police have surrounded the embassy and the British government admits to spending more than $4.5 million on this policing presence so far. Contrary to international law, the United Kingdom refuses to grant Julian Assange safe passage to Ecuador, saying that he must be extradited to Sweden to answer questions. He has not been charged with an offence in either country and the chief of the Swedish Supreme Court says there is no legal reason why Swedish police cannot go to London should they wish to speak to him.

By 8 April 2013 Julian Assange will have been imprisoned, detained under house arrest in the United Kingdom, and unable to leave the protective custody of the Ecuadorian Embassy for a total of 854 days.

On 11 April 2013 a feature film about Julian Assange’s formative years will open the Washington DC International Film Festival: http://www.filmfestdc.org

Julian Assange is a popular figure in his native Australia, where he is running for the Australian Senate. The latest poll, by Labour party polling outfit UMR, showed he had 27 per cent of the voting intention: http://wikileaksparty.org.au/

For further information see: http://justice4assange.com/extraditing-assange.html and https://usvwikileaks.org and http://justice4assange.com/

BRADLEY MANNING

An alleged WikiLeaks source, intelligence analyst Bradley Manning, now aged 25, was arrested on 26 May 2010 by US Army investigators. Manning was detained under extreme conditions in Kuwait and Marine Corps Base Quantico, Virginia. The United Nations Rapporteur on Torture Juan E. Mendez formally found these conditions to amount to "cruel and abusive treatment" akin to torture. Judge Denise Lind of the US military court found that his conditions were illegal. After the resignation of Assistant Secretary of State for Public Affairs P. J. Crowley over the issue, Manning was transferred to Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, and the Quantico barracks were decommissioned. Mr. Manning's defence team said that the abusive treatment may have been in order to break Mr. Manning into turning State's witness against WikiLeaks publisher Julian Assange.

By 8 April 2013 Bradley Manning will have been detained without trial for 1049 days, the longest detention without trial of a US soldier in modern history. His trial is said by Guantnamo beat reporters to be more secret that the military commissions held against al Quada suspects. It is scheduled for 2 June 2013 at Fort Meade, Maryland. WikiLeaks, the Center for Constitutional Rights and more than 30 other media organizations have filed suit against the US military for the abuse of secrecy used in prosecuting the case.

ECONOMIC CENSORSHIP: BANKING BLOCKADE

After documented political pressure, including from Senator Joseph Lieberman and Congressman Peter T. King, VISA, MasterCard, Bank of America, PayPal, Western Union, AMEX, Diners Club, Discover and JCB erected an extra-legal banking blockade against the WikiLeaks organization and its donors. The blockade is the subject of ongoing litigation and a resolution by the European Parliament. It has been condemned by the United Nations Special Rapporteur for Freedom of Expression, Frank La Rue, the New York Times, Reporters Without Borders, the Electronic Frontier Foundation, Amnesty International, the Council of Europe, and numerous other organizations.

The fiscal blockade against WikiLeaks is similar to that conducted against the central banks of Cuba and Iran, however, unlike these two countries, the WikiLeaks blockade is being conducted with no known legal or administrative basis. In fact, the US Secretary of the Treasury found in early 2011 that there was no legal reason to place WikiLeaks under a US embargo. Due to the market dominance of VISA, MasterCard and PayPal, the extra-legal action has cut off 95 per cent of WikiLeaks' income stream, costing the organization more than $50 million dollars.

All litigation todate has been won by WikiLeaks and its partners, but the blockade continues. An appeal, lodged by Valitor (Visa Iceland) is to be heard by the Icelandic Supreme Court on April 15, 2013.

BREAKING THE BLOCKADE: THE US FREEDOM OF THE PRESS FOUNDATION

In December 2012 Daniel Ellsberg, John Cusack, John Perry Barlow, Glenn Greenwald and others launched the Freedom of the Press Foundation, which allows US citizens to bypass the blockade to make tax-deductable and anonymous donations to WikiLeaks. For more information go to: http://wikileaks.org/WikiLeaks-declares-war-on-banking.html

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Original link: https://search.wikileaks.org/plusd/pressrelease/?nocache
« Last Edit: April 08, 2013, 11:16:09 AM by isis »

enrica

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Re: WikiLeaks Special Project K: The Kissinger Cables
« Reply #1 on: April 08, 2013, 12:14:10 PM »
The WikiLeaks' Project K cables links:

Full text search for PlusD Kissinger Cables: http://wikileaks.org/plusd/

Browse the countries and cities mentioned in the Kissinger Cables - Public Library of US Diplomacy: http://wikileaks.org/plusd/map

Media Kit: WikiLeaks PlusD Image Library http://wikileaks.org/plusd/imagelibrary/

WikiLeaks Kissinger Cables graph maker http://wikileaks.org/plusd/graph

« Last Edit: April 08, 2013, 22:07:02 PM by isis »

enrica

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Re: WikiLeaks Special Project K: The Kissinger Cables
« Reply #2 on: April 10, 2013, 08:35:24 AM »
Related information:

Quote
RECLASSIFICATION ATTEMPTS THWARTED

The CIA and other agencies have attempted to reclassify or withhold sections of the US National Archives. Detailed minutes of US State Department meetings show that these attempts, which originated under the Bush II administration, have continued on through until at least 2009. A 2006 analysis by the US National Security Archives, an independent non-governmental research institute and library located at George Washington University, found that 55,000 pages had been secretly reclassified.

The censorship of the US National Archives was thrown into stark relief in November last year when the Archive censored all searches for 'WikiLeaks' from its records. See http://dissenter.firedoglake.com/2012/11/03/us-national-archives-has-blocked-searches-for-wikileaks/

Julian Assange, WikiLeaks' publisher, said: "The US administration cannot be trusted to maintain the history of its interactions with the world. Fortunately, an organisation with an unbroken record in resisting censorship attempts now has a copy."
 
---

US National Archives Has Blocked Searches for ‘WikiLeaks’

By: Kevin Gosztola Saturday November 3, 2012 12:24 pm



Searches for “WikiLeaks” in the public search engine for the US National Archives have been blocked, according to a posting at Cryptome.org. Any search containing the word “WikiLeaks (like “Congress” and “WikiLeaks”) turns up an error message.

WikiLeaks reacted on Twitter, “The US National Archives has literally turned into Orwell’s Ministry of Truth.” In another more vivid message, “The US state is literally eating its own brain by censoring its own collective memories about WikiLeaks.” And, in another message, “The US National Archives censoring searches for its records containing the word ‘WikiLeaks’ is absolutely absurd.”

It is unknown when the Archives began blocking searches, but the United States government did adopt a generally accepted and understood policy of censorship back in December 2010 when the US State Embassy cables were being released.

The Library of Congress (LOC) blocked access to WikiLeaks on its computer system, including computers used by patrons in reading rooms. As a result of a recommendation by the White House’s Office of Management and Budget (OMB), they claimed to be following “applicable law” that required them to “protect classified information.” They went along with the absurd notion the US government was propagating—that “unauthorized disclosures of classified documents do not alter the documents’ classified status or automatically result in declassification of the documents.”

This act by the government led the American Library Association (ALA) to write an open letter to US government officials, where the association of librarians condemned “government actors,” who had “made official and unofficial statements casting doubt on the right of government employees and others to download, read, or even discuss documents published by Wikileaks or news reporting based on those documents.” The ALA suggested this policy violated the First Amendment rights of Internet users to receive information.

Steven Aftergood of Secrecy News reported this would complicate the work of employees of the Congressional Research Service, a “component” of the LOC. One CRS analyst said, “The information was released illegally, and it’s not right for government agencies to be aiding and abetting this illegal dissemination.  But the information is out there.  Presumably, any Library of Congress researcher who wants to access the information that Wikileaks illegally released will simply use their home computers or cellphones to do so.” [*Note: WikiLeaks did not release or publish documents illegally, as they had a right as a media organization to publish.]

A former CRS employee reacted, “I don’t know that you can make a credible argument that CRS reports are the gold standard of analytical reporting, as is often claimed, when its analysts are denied access to information that historians and public policy types call a treasure trove of data.” Like Aftergood wrote, “If CRS is ‘Congress’s brain,’ then the new access restrictions could mean a partial lobotomy.”

On December 15, 2010, The Nation’s Greg Mitchell reported on his live blog:

    Just received email tip from man purporting to be Verizon employee at a headquarters and offering to send screen shots.  Here’s an excerpt:  “Last week, I was browsing several news sites at work when I noticed something strange: any time I tried to read a story about Wikileaks, the site was blocked. Typically, our intranet blocks the usual ‘time-waster’  sites…. In these cases, the entire domain is blocked and any content offered up by that domain on a separate site (such as videos embedded from YouTube) would be blocked on the other site as well.”In this case, though, only specific URLs were being blocked, while the rest of the site was fine. In the screenshots, you can see I can access, for example, the Guardian front page, as well as another, non-Wikileaks related article. But if I tried to go to any of the cable articles, I received the block message…. It appears there’s a blanket URL block for any URL containing the word “wikileaks” no matter what the context. Also, I’ve confirmed with a friend of mine who works for AT&T that they’re doing similar blocking.   I have screen shots available.”  He also claims that a friend at AT & T says same thing going on there.

Censorship had expanded to quasi-government agencies—agencies that Marcy Wheeler pointed out had engaged in domestic and international spying for the US government.

Professor Yochai Benkler attempted to make sense of this government policy in a paper titled, “A Free and Irresponsible Press: WikiLeaks and the Battle Over the Soul of the Networked Fourth Estate.”

    …Plainly, these blocks could not possibly do anything to limit further leakage of already-leaked documents. It also seems highly implausible that these blocks represented an effort to prevent federal employees from seeing the paucity of the threat—and the exaggerated nature of the response—for themselves. Much more likely is that these were uncoordinated acts intended as public performances of allegiance in the face of threat to the national pride. More than most other acts we have seen, these public announcements suggest a futile panic response…

The “futile panic response” included a State Department official reportedly warning students at Columbia University’s School of International and Public Affairs (SIPA) that students applying for jobs in the federal government could see their prospects jeopardized if they were found to be reading and sharing documents from WikiLeaks or talking about WikiLeaks on Facebook or Twitter. (The university later reversed its position.)

In his paper, Benkler characterized this as “a serious exercise of power over speech throughthe power of the government to hire or refuse to hire. As such, it is a direct and effective constraint on reading publicly available truthful information with clear political import. And, as with the case of the companies, here university career services offices provided accreditation and dissemination services to the initial move by the government, so that the chilling effect was amplified through the organizational power of recruitment and hiring in the country’s institutes of higher education.”

As much as it may have been panic, the State Department enforced its policy of mandatory ignorance by forcing State Department employee Peter van Buren out of the agency. He put up a blog post that included a WikiLeaks link—not a document, not a leak but a link to a WikiLeaks cable. This became the opportunity the department had been waiting for, as they had been bothered by a book he published on the department’s appallingly dysfunctional Iraq reconstruction efforts. The State Department claimed he had to clear anything he wanted to post on his personal blog with a prepublication review board before he could publish anything—a clear restriction of Van Buren’s free speech rights.

Presumably, this disposition toward WikiLeaks documents continues to exist. Employees fear coming in contact with anything WikiLeaks because it could be the excuse their boss uses to retaliate and fire them or remove them from a job. Military officers tasked with briefing the press on the court martial of Pfc. Bradley Manning have not seen a WikiLeaks, they say, as if it is some virus of which they do not wish to come into contact.

Whatever the government thinks it is gaining, this policy does have clear effects. It makes a mockery of any claims that the government is open or transparent. And, those like Van Buren, who experience harassment from government actors because they do not submit to policies of enforced ignorance, are pushed over the edge and radicalized.

On Van Buren’s last day at the office, he showed up wearing a “Free Bradley Manning” t-shirt, “as a nice way of reminding the State Department of its obligation to support free speech.” That is the best example of what this cracked yet totalitarian policy can have on members of government agencies and institutions, who come to understand the extent to which the US government seeks to keep employees in a bubble.



Source: http://dissenter.firedoglake.com/2012/11/03/us-national-archives-has-blocked-searches-for-wikileaks/