Author Topic: Scrambling Down an Iraqi Mountain, Yazidi Families Search for Missing  (Read 1505 times)

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    Families from the Yazidi minority who had fled ISIS fighters gathered at the Nowroz refugee camp in Syria. Credit Adam Ferguson for The New York Times       

    FISHKHABOUR, Iraq — Like sleepwalkers moving under a blazing sun, family after family from the Yazidi minority made their way across the narrow bridge that spans the river between Syria and Iraq, hardly seeming to see where they were going until they reached the Iraqi side.
    Then many stopped and looked back, scanning the stream of people walking across the bridge, looking for lost relatives.
    “We are waiting for my brother’s family,” said Sabri Caro, 48. “People told us they walked down from the mountain, but they were behind us.”
    As a stream of Yazidis made their way down from the Sinjar mountains, where they had been stranded for a week after fleeing the advance of Sunni militants of the Islamic State in Iraq and Syria, the depth of their plight became increasingly clear.

    Many families have been separated, some in their flight to the mountains, some when they made the decision to come down. Many have nowhere to go, and because they fled with nothing, are completely dependent on the generosity of locals and relatives. And many, still dehydrated and hungry from the lack of food and water on the mountain, appeared confused about what to do next

    Yazidis entered Iraq from Syria at the Fishkhabour crossing. Credit Adam Ferguson for The New York Times The Sinjar mountains lie near the Syrian border, and because the way into Kurdistan from inside Iraq is blocked by Sunni militants, the Yazidis hoped to cross the mountains and make their way to Kurdistan through an alternative route.
    “We received people until 11 p.m. last night,” said Ibrahim Mohammed, the manager of the Bajid Kandal camp, which is run by the United Nations refugee agency and is the closest to the Fishkhabour border crossing here. There are now about 24,000 people in the camp, and bulldozers are breaking ground for a second camp across the road, but it will take a week to set it up, Mr. Mohammed said.
    “The people are upset. Many families have been separated, some family members are still on the mountain, others are still in the Sinjar villages which are controlled by ISIS, and sometimes families are ending up in different camps,” he said.
    At least several thousand people crossed the bridge Sunday. Estimates of how many have crossed since Saturday, when the trickle of those who could make it down from the mountains became a flood, ranges from 20,000 to 30,000. By nightfall Sunday, the numbers had slowed considerably from the night before.
    As people crossed and collapsed near the border, searching for a patch of shade in the blazing sun, they seemed even more exhausted than those who arrived Saturday, testament to the longer time they spent on the mountain. A woman poured water on her 4-year-old son’s red and swollen feet, while two elderly women were unable to walk without holding on to younger relatives.

    Mafrish Shaffadine, who comes from a village south of the Sinjar mountains, described the difficulty of making the choice to come down because some family members were unable to make the journey. “My aunt, my father’s sister, I could not rescue her,” he said, adding that she was still on the mountain but physically could not make it to the top. “We had to leave her,” he said.

    The situation for those still on the mountain was far worse. Abu Khadija, an ISIS member reached by Internet messaging, who was traveling in the Sinjar mountains, said he saw “Yazidi women and children dying from thirst and starvation. I saw them with my own eyes taking their last breath, this scene awakened all my pains and sorrows.”
    While many families fled from their villages at night after hearing gunfire and receiving calls from neighbors saying that ISIS fighters were on their way, some fled during the day and ran into checkpoints run by the militants. The Caro family, who fled their village of Zurava on Monday, said they were trying to find a way to drive to Syria, but soon discovered that ISIS fighters had blocked the roads.
    When the fighters, who were masked, approached the car, everyone fell silent, said Mr. Caro, fearing that they would be shot.
    “But they were polite, they didn’t shout or say bad words. They just asked us to become Muslims,” he said. “I told them, ‘We are a peaceful people, and we don’t want to change our faith.’ ”
    The fighters did not respond, but told the Caro family to turn back. Afraid that they would face death if they tried to pass again and still refused to convert, they went to the mountain.

    Demands for conversion are a core demand of ISIS fighters when dealing with non-Muslim minorities. Christians also have been asked to convert or face death, and recently residents of two Yazidi villages that are held by ISIS fighters, Koocho and Hakeemi, were told that they had three days to choose whether to convert or die. The deadline was Sunday. At least 500 Yazidis have been killed by ISIS fighters since they seized Sinjar this month, according to Iraq’s human rights minister, Mohammed Shia al-Sudani.
    The inhabitants of Hakeemi managed to escape to the mountains on Saturday night, but the people of Koocho could not. However, when an ISIS official came to Koocho on Sunday, he extended the deadline, said Ahmad Abu Shahab, the community’s mukhtar, a position somewhat like that of a mayor.
    For those on the mountain, their best hope is to link up with Yazidi fighters who can guide them to a protected route off the mountain to the north near the Syrian border. The fighters are led by Qassim Sheshu, who has become a hero to Yazidis.
    Many of the Yazidis fled with cellphones, and while there is no electricity on the mountain, in some areas they were able to drive their cars up the slopes and charge their phones.
    United States officials are also in touch with Yazidis on the mountains who have cellphones, said an administration official.
    Several refugees interviewed Sunday described encountering Mr. Sheshu’s fighters as they wandered on the mountain, and the encounters appear to have given them hope they had not been forgotten.

    Ali Rashu, 55, who crossed the bridge into Iraq with 50 of his relatives, said they had fled up the mountain above their village, Gubel. From the heights above, he was able to look into the village with some borrowed binoculars and see what ISIS fighters had done to their homes.
    “They had blown them up,” he said. “We could see three houses of Yazidi people, the smoke was rising from them. They didn’t do that to the Kurdish or the Arab houses.”