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Offline mayya

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Defending Internet Free Speech and Anonymity in Ecuador
« on: April 12, 2015, 18:11:05 PM »
Defending Internet Free Speech and Anonymity in Ecuador

Translation posted 10 April 2015 17:53 GMT
 



Signatories to the Manifesto for the Freedom of Expression, Anonymity, and Online Privacy in Ecuador.

In the face of government condemnation of anonymity and satire on the Internet, several national and international organizations have signed the Manifesto for the Freedom of Expression, Anonymity, and Online Privacy in Ecuador.

Domestic signatories include Usuarios Digitales and Fundamedios, while some of the international and foreign groups to join the manifesto are Access, Electronic Frontier Foundation, Derechos Digitales (Chile), Oficina Antivigilancia (Brazil), Fundación Karisma(Colombia), TEDIC (Paraguay), Acceso Libre (Venezuela), ContingenteMx (Mexico), andEnjambre Digital (Mexico).
The joint statement stresses that anonymity on the Internet is not a crime:

  • Translation
  • Original Quote 
  • We condemn any act of violence as consequence of exercising the freedom of expression or any other right.
  • Anonymity is an essential part of the decentralized structure of internet. This is an intrinsic characteristic of its architecture and design and makes part of the essence of online communication.
  • Anonymity is a key tool to fully exercise the right to free expression, whether online or offline.
  • Sharing personal information from those who use anonymity legally is a threat to the integrity of individuals, promotes censorship and affects legitimate control society has to make of public activity.
  • As long as no categorized crime is committed, the State must be ensure anonymity, according to this law.
  • Intimidating or addressing groups for virtual or physical assault to individuals, regardless of their political position, may end in polarization and violence in society.
  • We consider that public resources must provide enough guarantees to promote free exercise of our rights also on digital platforms.
 
Check here to read the Manifesto for the Freedom of Expression, Anonymity, and Online Privacy in Ecuador.


https://globalvoicesonline.org/2015/04/10/defending-internet-free-speech-and-anonymity-in-ecuador/

Offline mayya

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Statement for online Freedom of Expression, Anonymity, and Privacy in Ecuador

Though this letter is hosted on the Access website, it is a joint effort with individuals and organizations fighting for digital rights in Latin America.

Statement for online Freedom of Expression, Anonymity, and Privacy in Ecuador
versión en español, más abajo

“The web is more a social creation than a technical one. I designed it for a social effect — to help people work together — and not as a technical toy. The ultimate goal of the Web is to support and improve our weblike existence in the world.” —Tim Berners-Lee
In recent weeks we have noted with concern how the president of Ecuador, Rafael Correa, and several government officials have issued statements against online anonymity and deemed satire on social networks to be conspiratorial and criminal in character. The president also called on his supporters to combat his personal critics on social networks and suggested taking “other actions” that might have the potential to undermine freedom of expression on the internet.

Human rights include the right to exercise freedom of expression and privacy, as recognized by the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the American Convention on Human Rights, the Ecuadorian Constitution, the Organic Integral Criminal Code of Ecuador and its telecommunications law.

The United Nations declared that “human rights should also be protected on the internet” and Ecuador agreed with that statement by supporting human rights in the digital era.

The respect to privacy of all internet users was one of the core resolutions adopted by the 2014 Mercosur President’s Summit, in which Ecuador was also a signatory.

Diversity of viewpoints is a fundamental milestone for the democratic development of Ecuador. This includes satire, which although involves biting criticism with lampooning, satire does not constitute libel or defamation.

Anonymity is a legal right and is essential for those fearful of retaliation by government. Anonymity also allows criticism both online and offline.

The Constitution of the Republic of Ecuador gives any person “the right to express their opinion and thoughts freely, in all of its ways and manifestations” (art. 66, num.6) and the right to “practice, hold, change or profess, publicly or in private, their religion or beliefs” (art. 66 num.8) which includes the right to anonymous opinion.

  • As organizations and individuals working for the defense and promotion of human rights on the internet we declare that:
  • Any act or violence as a consequence of the exercise of freedom of expression should be condemned.
  • Anonymity is essential to internet speech and constitutes a fundamental tool to exercise freedom of expression online and offline.
  • The dissemination of personal data belonging to anonymous users threatens personal dignity, promotes self-censorship, and affects the legitimate control that society must exert over their elected representatives.
  • As long as there is no crime, anonymity must be guaranteed by the state and all of its entities, according to the rule of law.
  • Encouraging groups to attack people, whether virtually or physically, will lead to violence and political marginalization.

    Signatories
Usuarios Digitales (Ecuador)
Access (International)
Derechos Digitales (Chile)
Fundamedios (Ecuador)
Oficina Antivigilancia (Brasil)
Fundación Karisma (Colombia)
TEDIC (Paraguay)
Acceso Libre (Venezuela)
Electronic Frontier Foundation (International)
ContingenteMx (Mexico)
Enjambre Digital (Mexico)


Manifiesto por la libertad de expresión, el anonimato y la privacidad en línea en Ecuador

“La Web es una creación social más que una tecnológica. Yo la diseñé para que tenga una efecto social -ayudar a las personas a trabajar juntos- y no como un juguete técnico. El objetivo final de Internet es el de apoyar y mejorar nuestra existencia en red en el mundo.” Tim Berners-Lee

En las últimas semanas hemos visto con preocupación como el Presidente del Ecuador, Rafael Correa, y diversos funcionarios de ese gobierno han hecho varios pronunciamientos que van en contra del anonimato en Internet, expresiones en donde se ha pretendido dar a la sátira en redes sociales un carácter conspirativo e incluso criminal. También observamos como el presidente ha llamado a sus seguidores a librar “una batalla” en las redes sociales contra sus crìticos y que se ha dado paso a preocupantes anuncios de que se estaría considerando la adopción de legislación restrictiva o regresiva para la protección del libre ejercicio de los derechos en plataformas digitales.

Por estas razones y considerando que,

  • Los derechos humanos incluyen la libertad de expresión y la intimidad (privacidad), entre otros derechos que se encuentran reconocidos en: la Carta Universal de Derechos Humanos, en la Convención Americana de DDHH, en la Constitución Ecuatoriana, en el Código Orgánico Integral Penal de Ecuador, en la Ley de Comunicación y en el proyecto final de Ley de Telecomunicaciones, y diversos acuerdos internacionales.
  • La ONU declaró que "los derechos de las personas también deben estar protegidos en Internet"; declaración en la cual Ecuador, como miembro de la Asamblea General, fue parte.
  • El respeto al derecho a la intimidad de los ciudadanos y ciudadanas usuarios de internet fue uno de los postulados adoptados por la Cumbre de Presidentes del Mercosur, declaración a la que Ecuador se adhirió.
  • La diversidad de opinión es pilar fundamental de la construcción democrática del Ecuador. Dentro de estas opiniones se encuentra la sátira que constituye una crítica aguda con intenciones burlescas, pero que no cae en la falsa imputación de un delito (injuria).
  • El anonimato es una herramienta legal e indispensable para la libertad de expresión de quienes temen represalias del poder ante las críticas o denuncias que pueda hacer un ciudadano o ciudadana, ya sea en medios offline u online.
  • La Constitución de la República del Ecuador reconoce (art. 66 num. 6) a toda persona “el derecho a opinar y expresar su pensamiento libremente y en todas sus formas y manifestaciones”, y en el art. 66, numeral 8: “El derecho a practicar, conservar, cambiar, profesar en público o en privado, su religión o sus creencias”, incluyendo opinar anónimamente.
  • Como organizaciones e individuos dedicados a la defensa y promoción de los derechos humanos en Internet en la región latinoamericana manifestamos que:
  • Reprobamos cualquier acto de violencia como consecuencia del ejercicio de la libertad de expresión o de cualquier otro derecho.
  • El anonimato es parte esencial de la estructura descentralizada de Internet. Esta es una característica intrínseca de su arquitectura y diseño, y forma parte de la esencia de la comunicación en línea.
  • El anonimato es una herramienta fundamental para ejercer plenamente el derecho a la libre expresión, ya sea en Internet o fuera de ella.
  • La difusión de datos personales de quienes usan legalmente el anonimato constituye una amenaza a la integridad de las personas, promueve la censura y afecta el control legítimo que la sociedad debe realizar de la actividad pública.
  • Mientras no se cometan delitos tipificados, el anonimato debe ser garantizado por el Estado y todos sus entes, de acuerdo a la Ley.
  • Intimidar o direccionar a grupos para el ataque virtual o físico a personas, independientemente de su posición política, puede derivar en polarización y violencia en la sociedad.
  • Consideramos que los recursos públicos deben brindar las garantías suficientes para promover el libre ejercicio de nuestros derechos también en plataformas digitales.
Adhieren
Usuarios Digitales (Ecuador)
Access (International)
Derechos Digitales (Chile)
Fundamedios (Ecuador)
Oficina Antivigilancia (Brasil)
Fundación Karisma (Colombia)
TEDIC (Paraguay)
Acceso Libre (Venezuela)
Electronic Frontier Foundation (International)
ContingenteMx (Mexico)
Enjambre Digital (Mexico)
 

https://www.accessnow.org/pages/ecuador-free-expression-letter

Offline jujyjuji

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Re: Defending Internet Free Speech and Anonymity in Ecuador
« Reply #2 on: April 13, 2015, 10:13:02 AM »
Is it going to change this situation or it's just a political promise that won't be mantained?

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Ecuador's New Penal Code Would Violate Internet Privacy

Translation posted 21 October 2013 8:24 GMT
***

The Ecuadorian National Assembly recently approved the Código Orgánico Integral Penal (Organic Penal Code, or COIP), which has raised concerns within civil society organizations. Certain articles of the COIP threaten “the inviolability, storage, and subsequent analysis of information that citizens generate on the Internet, and on any other telecommunications platforms like landline or cellular telephones.”

The new code combines various previous issues of concern, such as the proposal that slander on social media networks could be penalized in Ecuador [en], which—although it ultimately was not included in the COIP draft—paints a generally bleak picture of the intentions and the future of the Internet in this South American country.

Organizations Usuarios Digitales (Digital Users), Apertura Radical (Radical Openness), and Asociación de Software Libre del Ecuador (Free Software Association of Ecuador) have explained that the way the law is proposed, all telecommunications services, “like ISP, Internet cafes, WiFi zones, businesses that rent phones or allow Internet access, study centers that offer Internet access, and even people who loan their telephone or Internet connection” will have to store the data and connection traffic of the users, despite the risks that this entails.

 Alfredo Velazco @alfredovelazco:

@MauroAndinoR hablemos del Art. 474 #COIP (cybers deben grabar en video a usuarios y su navegación en internet) http://ow.ly/pOSHH #fb

 Rosa María Torres @rosamariatorres:

Increíble!!! RT @alfredovelazco @MauroAndinoR Art 474 #COIP cybers deben grabar en video a usuarios y su navegación http://ow.ly/pOSHH
6:15 AM - 15 Oct 2013



" Unbelievable!!! RT @alfredovelazco @MauroAndinoR Article 474 #COIP: cybercafes must videorecord users and their navigation http://t.co/X3L3XrcVL3


— Rosa María Torres (@rosamariatorres) October 15, 2013 "

The issue is generating interest in the traditional media, due to its potential impact on the ways in which Ecuadorians use the Internet. And the public has also started to worry:

Valeria Betancourt @valeriabet:

@gabrielaespais Presunción de sospecha como premisa, violación a privacidad de comunicaciones en línea #Ecuador #COIP http://tinyurl.com/n43bgal
9:28 PM - 10 Oct 2013


" @gabrielaespais Presumption of suspicion as a premise, violation of the privacy of online communications #Ecuador #COIP http://t.co/t9pmeLNSWc


— Valeria Betancourt (@valeriabet) October 10, 2013"

María Eugenia Garcés @meugegarces:

Los ecuatorianos somos delincuentes hasta que se pruebe lo contrario #COIP. ¿Avanzamos Patria?
3:13 PM - 18 Oct 2013


" We Ecuadorians are criminals until proven otherwise #COIP. Are we making progress, Homeland?


— María Eugenia Garcés (@meugegarces) October 18, 2013"

RadiosLibres.net @RadiosLibres:

"No podría volver a este país(Ecuador) porque no podría conectarme a Internet" #Stallman por artículo de Código Penal:http://www.elcomercio.com/sociedad/RichardStall-man-softwarelibre-educacion-computador_0_1013298662.html …
4:04 PM - 18 Oct 2013



" "I could not return to this country (Ecuador) because I would not be able to access the Internet” #Stallman [software freedom activist] on the Penal Code article: http://t.co/bX3e6Tpy2y


— Radios Libres (@RadiosLibres) October 18, 2013

The aforementioned organizations are taking on the task of raising awareness about the issue, in order to try to put some pressure on the government so that it vetoes the Organic Penal Code's Article 474, which violates citizens’ right to privacy in their Internet communications.

The “Open Letter to President Rafael Correa and Assembly Members on Internet Privacy and the Draft of the Integral Organic Penal Code,” published on citizen media and various blogs, states, among other things, the following:

Quote
Translation:

We urge the National Assembly and the Government of Ecuador to make the proposed law compatible with international human rights standards, in order to safeguard privacy, freedom of expression, and freedom of association with the greatest rigor, in the context of strengthening the democratic system in accordance with the International Principles on the Application of Human Rights to Communications Surveillance [1] [en].

Therefore, we request that the articles of the Draft of the Integral Organic Penal Code which violate citizens’ rights and leave us defenseless against indiscriminate storage and subsequent analysis of our data are not approved.

Original quote:

Instamos a la Asamblea Nacional y al Gobierno de Ecuador a compatibilizar la Ley propuesta con los estándares internacionales de derechos humanos a fin de precautelar con el mayor rigor la privacidad, la libertad de expresión y la libertad de asociación, en la perspectiva de fortalecer el sistema democrático acorde a los Principios Internacionales sobre la Aplicación de los Derechos Humanos a la Vigilancia de las Comunicaciones [1].

Solicitamos, por tanto, que no se aprueben artículos del Proyecto del Código Orgánico Integral Penal que vulneran los derechos ciudadanos y nos ponen en indefensión frente al almacenamiento indiscriminado y posterior análisis de nuestra información.

Given that President Correa threatened to resign when a group of ruling-party Assembly members promoted the decriminalization of abortion in cases of rape, in a proposal of the Integral Organic Penal Code debated in the Assembly, it seems unlikely that he will recant and veto Article 474 of COIP.

Source/More: https://advocacy.globalvoicesonline.org/2013/10/21/ecuadors-new-penal-code-would-violate-internet-privacy/